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Prof. Dr. KH. Sirajuddin Muhammad Samsudin, or known as Din Samsudin (born in Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara, August 31, 1958, age 56 years), is an Indonesian politician who is currently the Chairman of Muhammadiyah 2005–2010. He is entrusted to the Chairman of the Indonesian Ulema Council Center.
As chairman of Muhammadiyah, he is often invited to attend a wide variety of international conferences with regard to the relationship between religion and peace. Most recently, for example, he was invited to the Vatican to give a public lecture about terrorism in the context of politics and ideology. He believes that terrorism is more relevant when associated with political issues than the issue of ideology. In line with that, he also was not happy when some Muslim groups using the label of Islam in performing terrorist actions. According to him, acts of terrorism in the name of Islam is very much detrimental to Muslims both at the internal level and Muslims on a global scale.
Din Samsudin is seen as a leader of Muslims not only because he is the Chairman of Muhammadiyah, but even more so because of its ability to engage in dialogue with all elements of both faiths among Muslims, as well as with other religious communities.
Source: Wikipedia English Version
Prof. Dr. Tono SAKSONO, Ph.D.
Title: ISLAMIC SCIENCE RESEARCH NETWORK: EXPLORING THE UNIVERSE, GLORIFYING ITS CREATOR
Towards the end of last year, Muhammadiyah scientists established the Association of Muhammadiyah Scientists as a home for about a thousand researchers who hold doctorate degrees and work at colleges and universities belong to Muhammadiyah. As the largest socio-religious organization in the world, Muhammadiyah has 178 universities and colleges that are spread across the country. HIM will also accommodate thousands of researchers working at other institutions such as state universities, private universities, and other institutions, both in Indonesia and abroad. The goal is to restore the glory of Muslim scientists in medieval times through a network of multidisciplinary research. (Tono Saksono for UICIHSS 2017).
Tono Saksono has undergone unique and diverse career paths. Before studying as a graduate student in the United States and Britain, he started his career as a Junior Lecturer at the Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta back in 1979. In 1982-1984 he undertook his Master studies in the field of Geodetic Science at the Ohio State University, USA. In the following years, he pursued his doctorate program and completed his Ph.D. in the field of Remote Sensing at the University College London, UK in early 1988.
Upon his return from overseas studies, from 1998 until 1994, he resumed his teaching post as a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University. However, since 1994 until 2007, Tono switched his career path and served several mapping science industries as a senior consultant whilst he was active in several professional organizations, including:
- The Secretary General, the Association of Indonesian Surveyor;
- The Deputy Secretary General of the National Association of Indonesian Consultants (INKINDO);
- The President of the National Association of Consulting Professionals Indonesia (INTAKINDO).
Since 2007, the Central Governing Board of Muhammadiyah regularly requested Tono to become a resource person in the studies on Islamic Calendar and Astronomy.
From 2008 to 2015, Tono switched back to the world of education and worked as an Associate Professor at Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia in Johor. Currently, the University Prof. Dr. HAMKA (UHAMKA) assigns him an academic post as a professor, in addition to leading a research institute, the Islamic Science Research Network (ISRN) that will network research activities of about 170 Muhammadiyah’s higher educations in Indonesia. At a moment, he is a member of the Council of Tarjih and the Development of Islamic Thought, the Central Governing Board of Muhammadiyah.
Along with his career, Tono has written four books. Three books were published in Indonesia, whilst the Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia published the fourth one entitled: Pseudo Sharia Economy and Muslims’ Civilization Debt in 2014 in Malaysia. The research outcomes that become the basic components of this book has won three best paper awards at three international conferences in Islamic Banking, Finance, Marketing, Trading, and Innovation. His passion for pursuing the research in the field of Islamic Science and Finance has made him focus on the development of Islamic civilization, more than his original interests in the field of engineering.
Prof. Ikuro Yamamoto, Kinjo Gakuin University, Nagoya
Title: Vocational Ethics and Islam under Urbanization
Globalization of the economy is rapidly proceeding today. Neo-liberal economists emphasize that it will be much more developed by globalization. However, currentlythe economy appears to face various problems to be difficult to resolve.
The subprime mortgagecrisisthat occurred in 2007-8 in USA and shocked the world very clearlyshows this contemporary situation stated above. The subprime mortgagecrisisis that well-known financial institutions loaned to poor people to construct their houses, then sold these debts pretending as if “low risk high return” by using advanced financial engineering technologythough these were actually “high risk high return” in nature, Moreover, famous credit-rating agencies such as S&P and Moody’s deceive market participants by highly rating these credits. It can be said to be everyday occurrencethat such chaotic and large amount of money flow makes the world economy confused.
What is the reason why such matters happen? Besides legal and institutional problems over finance, we cannot miss an aspect of morals. The subprime mortgage crisisis caused by lack of morals of the “professionals” who work the financial system asa kind of infrastructure that is indispensable for the contemporary societies. Max Weber, a famous social scientist in Germany, predict that capitalism lack of ethics means the world governed by the professionals without spirits, hedonist without beliefs, and will cause difference expansion and a chaotic society. We live in the very complicated modern societyby leaving so much to the “professionals”. Consequently, it is one of absolute conditions for our daily life that the “professionals” fulfil their duties according to ethical norms such as justice and prudence. The existence of “professionals” also can be said to be a kind social infrastructure for the contemporary societies. .
Then, how can be morals cultivated as a social infrastructure? A major part of cultivating moralshas been carried by religions in the history. On a historical turning point religion often so strongly motivate social actions as to open up new prospects. As well-known, in 17th century Europe the ethics of Protestantism are said to strongly motivate rising capitalists/businessmen /professionals to establish lasting business activities by re-invest their profits. The key concept of the ethics lies in that economic activities are not performed for satisfying his own desires but for making better this world that was created by God. This world created by God is almost synonymous with “the public” in our modern vocabulary. Therefore, improving the public welfare becomes just the purpose or mission of economic activities. From this viewpoint today’s capitalism must be estimated to be so lack of morals as to lose direction to proceed. ,
Then, what is a powerful Islamic thought that motivate social actions in the contemporary societies? On this issue my knowledge is so poor as to find out no answer. The Indonesian economy appears to come to a transition period from the “cheap and unskilled labor based” economy to the new economic stage where the “professionals” have to carry decisive roles. As stated above the professionals have to exercise their specialized abilities for the public society based on ethical norms such as justice and prudence.
Islam is a religion of “ummah”, namely “believer’s community”. As such a religion Islam has strong influence to believers as ethical norms at family and neighboring area level. However, considering the rapid growth of urban dwellers under urbanization, it can’t be easily said that Islam as ethical norms continue to influence to motivate urban dwellers to improve the urban public welfare. Such a slightly pessimisticview on Islam’s influence is caused by endless reports on corruptions through TV, newspapers and internet.Needless to say, corruptions are nothing other than stealingthe wealth of the public society from which the professionals get confidence. Islam emphasizes the importance of “zakat” as a social re-distribution of the wealth. But it might be not entirely enough to motivate the professionals to perform their duties (production) for the public society.
On a relation between economy and ethics in the modern society it should be paid attention to activities of “Islamic Bank.” One of the important characteristics lies in that Islamic bank is not only financing but also participating in business activities as an adviser/consultant on making business plans, financing, human resource recruitment and so on including contribution to improve welfare for the public society. Now, it will probably be an important theme for “Islamic Bank” to raise up consulting capability for adapting to rapid changes of the contemporary economic society. (Yamamoto Ikuro for UICIHSS 2017).
Prof. Yamamoto Ikuro (Prof. Emeritus) Kinjo Gakuin University, Nagoya. also active as Nagoya Mosque Vice Chairman of Board of Directors. Latest Research includes: History of Trade Union Movement in Aichi Prefecture, Aichi Prefecture 5 2002. Challenges for Trade Union under Globalization in Automotive Industries 2002. Possibility of Transfererence of the Japanese Industrial Relation Model 2002. SME’s Growth Strategy and Cluster in Indonesia Center for Japanese Studies. University of Indonesia 253 2003.
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Moazzam Malik is British Ambassador to Indonesia, ASEAN and Timor-Leste. He took up his post in October 2014.
Prior to his appointment as Ambassador, Moazzam was Acting Director General in the UK Department for International Development. He oversaw the UK’s engagement in the Middle East, Western Asia and led the UK relationship with multilateral organisations.
From 2010 to 2013, Moazzam was DFID Director for Western Asia and Stabilisation. He led some 300 staff with a budget of around US$750m working across Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan; regional programmes spanning Central and South Asia; and the UK’s Stabilisation Unit which works on conflict and insecurity issues. From 2006 to 2010, Moazzam was DFID Director for UN, Conflict and Humanitarian issues, managing the UK’s relationship with the UN development system, multilateral reform, major humanitarian operations, and policy work on conflict and security issues. In both roles, Moazzam played an active role in senior management bodies in DFID and top level policy fora in Whitehall and internationally.
Earlier in his DFID career, Moazzam led work on the 2006 UK White Paper on international development ‘Making Governance Work for the Poor’. Between 2003 and 2005, Moazzam was Principal Private Secretary to Baroness Valerie Amos and then the Right Hon Hilary Benn MP, Secretary of State for International Development. As Principal Private Secretary, Moazzam worked with Ministers and colleagues on a wide range of international issues, including the G8 “Make Poverty History” Summit at Gleneagles. He has also managed DFID programmes in Pakistan, Iraq and on trade policy.
Prior to moving to Jakarta, Moazzam sat on the Advisory Board to the UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Conflict, was a member of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Group on the Central Emergency Revolving Fund, served as an OECD DAC Peer Reviewer for Sweden, and a trustee of Goodweave UK, an NGO working to eradicate child labour from the South Asian rug industry.
Source : Official British Government Website